· hugo hosting

How to Easily Host a Static website on Github

This post shows, how you can easily host your static website on Github. We are using Hugo static site generator. You can use anything similar.

Initial Setup

I believe that you already have setup your hugo project, refer the link in case you want to start a project. Then open your config.toml file and modify the baseUrl as:

baseurl = "http://{username}.github.io/"

replace {username} with your username.

Repository for Project Files

This step is not mandatory, but still you want to do this. Creating a repository for you content will help you monitor how your site advanced. It will also help you correct changes in case you do something wrong(which is bound to happen).

Create a new repository on Github with same name as your project. Then cd inside the directory and issue following commands:

git init
git add -A
git commit -m "init : setup project"
git remote add origin <project name>
git push -u origin master

These commands will also be displayed to you when you create the repository on Github.

Note : Make sure you are inside the project directory, before issuing the commands.

Repository for Web Pages

We will now create another repository to hold our static website. Create a new repository on GitHub with name as {username}.github.io. Replace the {username} with you Github username.

After this create a new directory parallel to your project directory. Name it as you find appropriate. I name it same as the project directory with some extra suffix. This helps in keeping them close. like github and github_pages. Move into this new directory and do as following:

git init
git add -A
git commit -m "init : setup project"
git remote add origin {username}.github.io
git push -u origin master

Generate Static Site

We are all set-up. We will create our website which will be visible to everyone. Move into your project directory and run following commands:

hugo -d ../github_pages [-t theme_name]

Note : Change directory name to match yours.

-d flag tells where should hugo dumb the site

-t flag is optional, you can specify a theme name you are using.

So, Now we have our website ready. All we need to do is host them and make it available to everyone.

Bring It Live

To get our site live we have to move into our github_pages directory and push it up to Github.

git add -A
git push

You can now view you website at www.yourusername.github.io

Automate It

We do not want to repeat commands every time we make some changes. So in my github project directory I create a new file called deploy.sh and add following lines to it.

#!/bin/bash

# Build the project.
hugo -d ../classandobjectspage

# Change directory
cd ../classandobjectspage

# Add changes to git.
git add -A

# Commit changes.
msg="rebuilding site `date`"
if [ $# -eq 1 ]
  then msg="$1"
fi
git commit -m "$msg"

# Push source and build repos.
git push

Now you can just run bash deploy.sh "your message". This will do all the above tasks we did manually.

Custom Domain

Adding a domain to your website is optional. You can read how to add domain to my github page.

Finally

I tried to show every step I took in hosting my website. My experience was not good with the available documentation, but I hope that this will help you all. If you find anything missing or not mentioned, do let me know in the comments below! Thanks for reading…

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